Educational Resources

The following educational resources may be of interest to students and residents.


The GALS exam is used to detect locomotor abnormalities and functional disability relating to gait, arms, legs and the spine. The GALS Exam video series was produced by the CRA and sponsored by CIORA.

Video Series

The following videos are available to view on Youtube.


Case Studies

Expert Contributors

  • Alfred Cividino,¬†Clinical Professor, McMaster University
  • Paivi Miettunen,¬†Assistant Professor, University of Calgary
  • Boulos Haraoui,¬†Clinical Associate Professor, University of Montreal